Prep Before a Flood
Flood Preparation for Your Family
Flood Preparation for Your Home
- Raise electrical components (switches, sockets, circuit breakers, and wiring) at least 12 inches above the base flood elevation for your area.
- Protect HVAC equipment by moving it to an upper floor or having a flood-proof wall built around it.
- Direct water away from your home by having the proper grade or slope to your yard.
- Secure outdoor fuel tanks to the ground with anchors.
- Install sewer backflow valves to prevent return flow into the house.
- Inspect your sump pump to ensure it is working properly and the battery is fully charged.
- Protect your water well from contamination by having it inspected and making required improvements.
What to do Before a Flood
- Be ready to evacuate at a moment’s notice.
- Limit property damage by:
- Raising furniture, electronics, and appliances off the floor.
- Rolling up area rugs and moving them on a higher floor in your home if possible.
- Shutting off electrical, gas, and water lines.
- Keep and maintain a Go Bag—a collection of flood preparedness items you may need in the event of an evacuation—for each member of your household. Each Go Bag should be packed in a sturdy, easy-to-carry container such as a backpack or suitcase on wheels. A Go Bag may include:
- Copies of your important documents in a waterproof and portable container (insurance cards, birth certificates, deeds, photo IDs, proof of address, etc.).
- Emergency contact and meeting place information for your household and a small regional map.
- Credit and ATM cards, and cash, especially in small denominations.
- Extra set of car and house keys.
- Flashlight, whistle, emergency radio, and extra batteries.
- Cell phone charger(s) including one that can be used without electricity, such as a car charger, and an extra cell phone battery.
- Bottled water and nonperishable food such as energy or granola bars.
- Medication for at least one week and other essential personal items. Keep a list of any medications and dosages for each member of your household, or copies of all your prescription slips, as well as your doctor’s contact information.
- Sturdy, comfortable shoes, lightweight rain gear, and an emergency thermal blanket.
- Child care supplies or other special care items.
- Personal items such as soap, feminine hygiene products, toothbrush, and toothpaste, etc.